Donor assistance by educational sector
Donor assistance from EU, USAID and UNICEF specialize in primary education, putting particular emphasis on curriculum development and teacher training. Overall, many donors, including NGOs, extend assistance to the primary education sector. The World Bank has assisted with the construction of schools, totaling about 600 to date, through its social funds. ILO and GTZ address the sector of vocational and technical education, among other areas. ADB assists Cambodia in formulating an education investment plan and a master plan. Through such technical assistance, ILO, GTZ and ADB address Cambodia’s education administration and other sectors and try to play a catalytic role in the sectors concerned.
On the other hand, many NGOs offer assistance in the construction of schools, improvement in education services, and literacy and vocational education aimed at alleviating poverty. These NGOs often work with UNICEF and other donors. UNICEF, for its part, assists Cambodia mainly in improving the Education Management Information System (EMIS) and the cluster school system at the primary education level, and in developing curriculums. ADB covers the whole process of textbook development, including printing, binding and distributing textbooks. EU extends assistance in renovating and building teacher training schools.
Japan also extends assistance in the education sector. JICA has dispatched experts to Cambodia for strengthening education management and education for girls. In 2000, JICA launched small-scale programs of projecttype technical assistance. No other donors are extending assistance in these sectors, especially in improving science and mathematics education at the secondary level. JICA’s assistance is expected to expand in these sectors. Japanese NGOs, for their part, are developing and implementing their assistance projects in a variety of sectors, including school construction, preschool education, school health, and vocational training. They are committed to community participation in conducting their projects. For example, they try to approach temples and communities directly.